Friday, May 30, 2014

Monet’s Giverny & gardens of lasting impressions

GIVERNY, FRANCE May 30, 2014 – The Impressionist art movement of the late 19th century required three main elements to evolve: the popularity of photography, the ever-changing light of Normandy and the influence of Claude Monet.

Since 1980, travelers, artists and flower lovers alike have immersed themselves in the vibrant surroundings of Monet’s home and gardens at Giverny.

It matters little which discipline you prefer, Giverny is infectious. It reaches deep into your soul. It is impossible to be unaffected by it in some manner. At Monet’s Giverny, first impressions are lasting impressions, and there are many.

 Oddly enough, technological advances made the pursuit of photography a popular hobby in the late 1800s. Many “experts’ believed that reproducing reality through pictures would minimize an artist’s ability to express himself. As it turned out, the opposite was truth and the seeds of Impressionism were born.

Thanks to photography, the artist was now able to experiment with light and color by taking his palette outdoors. Artists of the day sought to create “perceptions of nature” rather than the precise representations that limited them in the past. For the artist, painting became a means of expressing emotion and color as an extension of his soul. Something cameras of the period were unable to do.
When Monet was five years old, his family moved to Le Havre in Normandy, France. His father wanted him to continue in the family grocery business, but Claude had other visions and a dream of becoming an artist.

Somewhere around 1846, Monet met Eugene Boudin, a fellow artist who was painting scenes in and around the picturesque harbor village of Honfleur. Boudin had been influenced by another artist from the Honfleur region, Johan Barthold Jongkind, and, at the time he met Monet, he was in the process of evolving a technique known as “en plein air” or outdoor painting.
Normandy, with its rural countryside settings nestled along the coast of the English Channel, is a region where the weather is restless: constantly moving clouds, rapidly changing patterns of light and always evolving splays of color.

Without changing your perspective, a scene can alternate its mood in a matter of seconds. Little wonder such natural phenomena would inspire the soul of creativity.
Monet was thirty-two when he created a painting called Impression Sunrise. Wnen it was exhibited in an art show in Paris in 1874, art critic Louis Leroy took the first word of the title and disparagingly call Monet’s work “Impressionism.” Leroy has long since disappeared from the world of art, but Impressionism lives on today as one of the major artistic movements in history.

Today, Impression Sunrise, depicting a landscape in the port of Le Havre, hangs proudly in the Musee Marmottan Monet in Paris 
Four years after the death of his beloved wife, Camille, Monet caught a glimpse of Giverny from the window of a local train while traveling between Vernon and Gasny in 1883. He rented a house in Giverny, about 70 miles north of Paris, and soon after, purchased the home in which he would reside for the remainder of his life.

The house at the time was situated near the main road of town, but it was the barn that intrigued Monet’s creativity most. For the next several yeas, the artist converted the long two-story building into a house and studio overlooking his magnificent gardens. With huge picture windows that opened out to the gardens, Monet was sheltered from the elements so that he could work in any weather.
What frequently is overlooked in Monet’s life is that he was a world class horticulturist. The gardens were his own design and Monet frequently changed them according to the seasons. So prolific was he in such pursuits that he was almost as famous for his botanical skills as he was for his painting.

Also fascinating was the fact that Monet diverted a section of the main river in order to create his lily pond. The famed Japanese bridge and lily pond, which are situated across the road from the studio,  are accessible by a small connecting tunnel.

Initially the lily pond was a quiet refuge for Monet until he had an epiphany and realized it would be an ideal subject for his painting. So infatuated did Monet become with the lilies, that once “discovered”, he hardly painted anything else for the remainder of his life.  

Upon his death, Monet’s only son, Michel, inherited the home, gardens and lily pond. In 1966, Michel bequeathed everything to the French Academy of Fine Arts. By 1980, the Foundation Claude Monet opened the house and gardens to the public.

Giverny is open daily from March 29th to November 1st in 2013. Hours are 9:30 am to 6:00 pm with the last admission at 5:30 pm. Regular admission for adults and seniors is about $12.50, children under seven are free and tickets for disabled visitors are approximately $6.50. There are also rates for groups of 20 or more.

In keeping with Monet’s philosophy, the gardens are regularly changed throughout the months it is open to visitor.

Claude Monet was 86 when he died of cancer in 1926. He is buried in Giverny in the church cemetery.


Anonymous said...

I loved visiting this place way back when, and the Tuilleries galleries and it is an important place of pilgrimmage but elevating it to the level of shrine's a bit ridiculous. Sarah Duke gardens are similar. The French and their knack. The places of Van Gogh in Arles, in Provence also all must be kept in perspective. Good article.

bubba brahms said...

The longere style of house features ground level rooms, each opening onto a common terrace with double hung floor to ceiling window paned doors. We Americans would use our sliding glass patio doors I reckon.